Smile is the most beautiful aspect in human personality. Dentistry plays major role in enhancing and beautifying it. This improves overall confidence and personality of individual.
Cosmetic treatment implies treatment done strictly for visual appearance and is not substantive. It follows symmetry and same set of rules for everyone. While esthetic treatment goes deeper than just visual attractiveness. It also creates harmony and balance between teeth gums and other features of face. It is customized for everyone.
Dental esthetic treatments deals with 3 components of face ie. teeth (white), Gums & lips (pink) & cheek /teeth natural or pathological spaces (black). These all components have finely balanced as per individual demand and condition of mouth to provide a pleasant smile.
WHITE COMPONENT (TEETH)
Teeth follow symmetry if divided as per left or right side of face. Sometimes minute imperfections are also there naturally or sometimes they are incorporated in designing of smile so as to provide particular personality characteristic to an individual.
In esthetic dentistry, dentist can improve your teeth by various procedures like
- Composite restorations
These are tooth coloured restorations done not only to remove decay but also to correct chipped teeth and for closing small gaps between teeth in a natural looking way.
- Veneers & laminates
These are pre manufactured or customized laboratory fabricated front layer of teeth made from ceramics and sometimes in composite. These are bonded on teeth to change shape, size, colour of teeth and close small imperfections as crooked teeth or multiple small to big gaps or in cases of small teeth. Mostly done on 6 or more teeth but can be done for less too
- All Ceramic crowns & bridge
Crowns are made repair severely broken down or worn out teeth. Bridge is made to replace missing teeth with help of remaining teeth in back & front. These are made as pure metal or porcelain fused to metal or all ceramic crown or bridges.
These all ceramic metal free crowns are highly durable and more natural looking and doesn’t show black line near gums as in traditional porcelain fused to metal crowns
- Bleaching or teeth whitening procedures
This is done on vital natural or dead discoloured teeth mostly in 1 or 2 sessions. It lightens the colour of teeth by 2 to 3 shades. Results may last for 3 to 6 months depending upon habits and diet.
Zoom whitening kit used by us is considered to be a gold standard worldwide.
PINK COMPONENT (GUMS & LIPS)
Healthy gums are signs of healthy mouth. Gums follow particular contour on teeth which determines shape and size of teeth. Colour or pigmentation of gums also influences individual smile
Esthetic gum minor surgical procedures like gingivectomy/ gingivoplasty by blade, bur, cautery or laser can done to correct their level when it is in excess & grafting / flap procedures or restorations when gums are gone up.
- Gingivectomy/ Gingivoplasty
It is done to remove excess tissue & provide ideal contours and increase visibility of teeth
- Gingival grafting & Pink coloured Composite restoration
These are surgical & non-surgical methods to correct gums which are going up or receeding leading to excessive tooth display. Technique to correct is opted on condition & situation of the case
- Gingival depigmentation
Some pindividual have dark pigmented gums due to genetic factors or aging. these can be corrected by diepigmentation procedure using blade or bur or laser
- Gummy Smile Correction
It can be due to excessive bone corrected by ortho- surgey or due to excessive gums corrected by gingivectomy explained above or by active lip masculature. Small Botox lip injections can correct such lips to placcid resting level with less display of gums.
BLACK COMPONENT (PATHOLOGICAL/ IATROGENIC)
These can be ranging from stains & tartar in teeth which forms naturally with food/ habits or due to improper brushing to previous treatment induced like in old metal fillings of silver amalgam or visible metal clasp in old partial dentures
For stains & tartar periodic scaling & polishing is sufficient though occasionally whitening may be required in particular case
For old silver amalgam metallic fillings, replacement can be done using new tooth colored composite or ceramic inlay onlays.
For visible metal clasp of old conventional acrylic partial dentures or cast partial dentures can be replaced by making more esthetic flexible partial dentures
These are artificial crystals which are added on your front teeth without cutting and damaging them just like braces. It is completely reversible procedure.
It is for people who want something different and want to display a style statement
For more detailed information, & queries & to know how to improve your smile, kindly visit us in person in Dental Department, Amber Clinics.
Dr Devvrat Singh (Specialist Restorative Dentist)